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The '''Matterhorn''' (, , ) is a mountain of the Alps, straddling the border between Switzerland and Italy. It is a huge and almost perfect pyramidal peak in the Monte Rosa area of the Pennine Alps, whose summit is high, making it List of mountains of the Alps above 3000 m|one of the highest summits in the Alps and Europe.Considering summits with at least 300 metres prominence, it is the 6th highest in the Alps and Europe outside the Caucasus Mountains. The four steep faces, rising above the surrounding glaciers, face the four compass points and are split by the Hörnli, Furggen, Leone and Zmutt ridges. The mountain overlooks the Swiss town of Zermatt in the canton of Valais to the north-east and the Italian town of Breuil-Cervinia in the Aosta Valley to the south. Theodul Pass,...
PhotoMatterhorn from Domhütte - 2.jpg
Photo size285
Photo captionEast and north faces of the Matterhorn
Elevation m4478
Elevation ref| prominence_m = 1042
Prominence refDespite its prominence in a local sense, the Matterhorn is not among the top 100 mountains in the Alps measured by topographic prominence. Its close neighbors Monte Rosa, the Dom (mountain)|Dom, Lyskamm|Liskamm and the Weisshorn, have higher summits. See [http://www.ii.uib.no/~petter/mountains/4000mtn/Sveits/42-51_annotate.jpg a panoramic photograph] of the view from Finsteraarhorn, to the north. The key col is Col Durand, at 3,436 metres, between the Matterhorn and the Weisshorn.
Isolation km13.8
Isolation refRetrieved from Google Earth. The nearest point of higher elevation is the Western Lyskamm.
Parent peakWeisshorn
ListingList of Alpine four-thousanders|Alpine four-thousanders
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